Grammar is an essential component of the English language, and it plays a vital role in communicating effectively. A good understanding of grammar is necessary to write and speak English correctly. In this article, we will cover the basics of English grammar, including the parts of speech, sentence structure, and common mistakes to avoid. Grammar of any language tells the rules that must be followed while using the particular language. It is very necessary to know the correct grammar to use any language. English has a vast variety of grammar topics like adjectives, phrase, clauses, narrations, figure of speech etc.

Parts of Speech

The parts of speech are the building blocks of grammar. There are eight parts of speech in English: nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections. Each of these parts of speech serves a unique purpose in constructing sentences.

Nouns are words that refer to people, places, things, or ideas. Pronouns are words that take the place of nouns. Verbs are words that express action, occurrence, or state of being. Adjectives are words that modify nouns or pronouns. Adverbs are words that modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. Prepositions are words that show the relationship between nouns or pronouns and other words in a sentence. Conjunctions are words that connect words, phrases, or clauses. Interjections are words that express strong emotions.

Sentence Structure

A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought. There are four main types of sentences: declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory. A declarative sentence makes a statement. An interrogative sentence asks a question. An imperative sentence gives a command or direction. An exclamatory sentence expresses strong emotion.

The structure of a sentence is made up of two main elements: the subject and the predicate. The subject is the person, place, thing, or idea that the sentence is about. The predicate is the part of the sentence that tells what the subject is doing or what is being said about the subject.

Common Grammar Mistakes to Avoid

  1. Confusing “its” and “it’s”: “Its” is a possessive pronoun, while “it’s” is a contraction of “it is” or “it has.”
  2. Misusing apostrophes: Apostrophes are used to show possession or to indicate a contraction. They should not be used to make a word plural.
  3. Using “their” instead of “there” or “they’re”: “Their” indicates possession, while “there” refers to a place, and “they’re” is a contraction of “they are.”
  4. Using “a” instead of “an” or vice versa: “A” is used before words that start with a consonant sound, while “an” is used before words that start with a vowel sound.
  5. Confusing “who” and “whom”: “Who” is used as a subject pronoun, while “whom” is used as an object pronoun.


Grammar is an essential component of the English language, and it is important to have a good understanding of the basics. By mastering the parts of speech, sentence structure, and common grammar mistakes, you can communicate more effectively in both writing and speaking. Remember to practice, seek feedback, and continue learning to improve your grammar skills.

To master yourself in English Grammar follow our videos on Youtube and learn more and more from English Guide.

Scroll to Top